UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — The World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first guidelines to prevent dementia and deal with the disease, putting physical activity at the top of its list of recommendations to ward off the specter of cognitive impairment.
Among the recommendations in a WHO report entitled “Reducing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia” is to quit smoking, follow a healthy diet, and avoid harmful drinking.
Treating high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes also limits the risk, the report said on Tuesday.
“The study did not discuss marijuana smoking and did not include environmental factors, but there is some evidence that there is an impact of pollution,” said Nerja Chaudhry, a WHO expert. “The evidence of a bad sleep effect was so simple that it was not included in the recommendations.
She added that vitamins and supplements are not useful and may even be harmful if taken at high doses.
The dementia affects about 50 million people around the world and there are about 10 million new cases a year, a figure that is expected to triple by 2050, and the cost of care for dementia is expected to rise to $ 1 trillion by 2015, said WHO Director-General Rene Minghui. In 2030.
“Although there is no cure for dementia, proactively dealing with risk factors can delay or slow the disease or develop it,” Rehn wrote.
Although aging is the most powerful cause of cognitive impairment, dementia is not the inevitable natural consequence of aging, the report notes.
“Over the past two decades, many studies have shown a link between cognitive impairment and dementia … lifestyle risk factors such as physical activity, tobacco smoking, unhealthy diet and harmful use of alcohol,” he said.
“There are many signs of what people can do to reduce risk,” said Maria C. Carrillo of the American Alzheimer’s Association.
“Start now. It is never too late to follow healthy habits.”
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