UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — Mortality from tuberculosis has decreased in the world by more than 40% since 2000 due to joint efforts aimed at combating this disease, during this time it was possible to save 54 million lives, according to the website of the World Health Organization.
Worldwide, World Tuberculosis Day (World Tuberculosis Day) is celebrated on March 24th to attract public attention to this dangerous lung disease.
“It is estimated that since 2000, 54 million lives have been saved by global efforts to fight tuberculosis, and the death rate from tuberculosis has decreased by 42%,” the report said.
However, tuberculosis is still one of the leading causes of death from infectious diseases in the world, it is specified in the material. Every day, almost 4.5 thousand people die from it, and almost 30 thousand people fall ill with them, WHO says.
In Russia, in 2018, the number of patients registered for the first time with tuberculosis was 65,000, in 2017 there were more than 70,000, according to the website of the Central Research Institute for Health Care Organization and Information of the Ministry of Health of Russia.
Nevertheless, the incidence of tuberculosis and HIV at the same time in Russia increased – at the end of December 2018, more than 30 thousand patients were registered, and in 2014 there were 25.5 thousand, the report says.
Despite this, the average annual rate of reduction of mortality from tuberculosis in Russia is one of the highest in the world, it is about 15%, said First Deputy Minister of Health of Russia Tatyana Yakovleva earlier.
She noted that in Russia a new vaccine against adult tuberculosis may soon appear, it has already passed preclinical studies and the first stage of clinical trials and has shown its high efficacy.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets. The main source of the pathogen is a person with a bacillary (pulmonary) form of tuberculosis and secreting mycobacteria from the respiratory tract when coughing, sneezing or talking. To infect a person, it is enough to inhale only a small amount of these bacteria.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for VOP from different countries around the world – edited and published by VOP staff in our newsroom.
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