What is the origin of the black holes and who discovered them

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) — a planet-scale array of eight ground-based radio telescopes forged through international collaboration — was designed to capture images of a black hole. In coordinated press conferences across the globe, EHT researchers revealed that they succeeded, unveiling the first direct visual evidence of a supermassive black hole and its shadow. The shadow of a black hole seen here is the closest we can come to an image of the black hole itself, a completely dark object from which light cannot escape. The black hole’s boundary — the event horizon from which the EHT takes its name — is around 2.5 times smaller than the shadow it casts and measures just under 40 billion km across. While this may sound large, this ring is only about 40 microarcseconds across — equivalent to measuring the length of a credit card on the surface of the Moon. Although the telescopes making up the EHT are not physically connected, they are able to synchronize their recorded data with atomic clocks — hydrogen masers — which precisely time their observations. These observations were collected at a wavelength of 1.3 mm during a 2017 global campaign. Each telescope of the EHT produced enormous amounts of data – roughly 350 terabytes per day – which was stored on high-performance helium-filled hard drives. These data were flown to highly specialised supercomputers — known as correlators — at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy and MIT Haystack Observatory to be combined. They were then painstakingly converted into an image using novel computational tools developed by the collaboration.

UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — Black holes have always puzzled top astronomers, physicists, and even science fiction writers, but the launch of the first black history of the black hole has been described as “a great breakthrough for all humanity.”

How is the black hole formed?

Most black holes are generated when a giant star dies. This happens when fuel runs out of stars, such as hydrogen, leading to its collapse.

After that, gravity draws the star’s center inward quickly, collapsing in the shape of a small ball. Then expand and shrink until it ends in a single collapse, and the remains of the star are scattered in the vast space.

The remaining central ball is very dense, forming a black hole with strong gravity, where no space object can escape.

Who discovered black holes?

The German astronomer Carl Schwarzschild has reached the first accurate solution to Einstein’s theory of general relativity in relation to the Black Hole in 1916.

In 1958, David Finkelstein, an American, discovered that the black hole is an area in space that no body can escape.

Initially, black holes were considered merely mathematical curiosity, but the discovery of neutron stars by Jocelyn Bell Burnell in 1957 raised the interest in the collapse of objects in gravity as a real reality.

When did the first picture of the black hole launch?

On April 10, 2019, using a telescope distributed throughout the planet, astronauts picked up the historic photograph of the black hole on a discovery that was “a great advance for mankind.”

The black hole, described by scientists as a “monster”, is 24 billion miles, or 3 million times the size of the earth.

The hole, 300 million trillion miles from our planet, was photographed by a network of 8 telescopes around the world known as the “Event Horizon Telescope” after 13 years of attempts. The first results were presented at a conference in Brussels.

Who is credited with taking the historical picture?

The latest scientific breakthrough could not have been possible without the help of the imaging scientist and assistant professor of computer science at the California Institute of Technology, Catherine Louise Baumann.

Katie has developed an amazing algorithm over the past 3 years, helping scientists capture the first true image of the black hole, using the Horizon Sky Telescope.

Bowman, a graduate student in computer science and industrial intelligence, revealed how to develop methods to generate synthetic data, using different algorithms with multiple assumptions.

Numerous experiments have led to the achievement of the astounding result, a heterogeneous, ring-like image predicted by Albert Einstein more than a century ago.

This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for VOP from different countries around the world – edited and published by VOP staff in our newsroom.

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