US suspects Russia and China violating moratorium on nuclear testing

UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (VOP TODAY NEWS) — The US State Department believes that Russia does not comply, and China may not comply with the moratorium on nuclear testing. Such an assessment is contained in the published report of the department on compliance with international agreements in the field of arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament.

Russia and China have repeatedly denied such allegations.

“China may have conducted several nuclear weapons tests or experiments in 2018 … The nature of these tests is a concern for China’s compliance with the moratorium (on nuclear testing), which China announced in 1996, judging by the American standard” zero power,” the report said.

The document states that additional information on such tests is provided in the secret version of the report.

With respect to Russia, the Department of State repeats US intelligence released in June that it does not adhere to the “zero power” standard.

“The United States believes that Russia does not comply with its moratorium on nuclear testing in accordance with the American standard of” zero power. “The US, including the intelligence community, estimates that Russia has tested nuclear weapons that had nuclear power,” the report said.

“Our understanding of the development of nuclear weapons (in the Russian Federation) leads the United States to assess that Russia’s testing activities will help it improve its nuclear weapons capabilities. The United States, on the contrary, has rejected such advantages, supporting the zero-power standard,” State Department.

The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was signed in 1996, but a number of countries, including the United States and China, have not yet ratified it, unlike Russia, which did so in 2000. At the same time, countries possessing nuclear weapons made voluntary commitments not to conduct such tests. The United States adheres to its own “zero power” standard, which is not internationally recognized, but by which it evaluates the policies of other countries.

In June, the Russian Foreign Ministry called the accusations against Russia “absolutely groundless” and stated that they “could not be regarded as other than” covering up “Washington’s steps to exit the CTBT and resume full-scale nuclear tests.”

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