UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) – The world’s population should make unprecedented rapid changes in energy consumption in food, travel and living, keeping global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius or face a more extreme ritual, a UN report said on Monday. The disappearance of certain organisms.
The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in a statement on Monday to announce the report’s findings that an attempt to limit temperatures to just 1.5 degrees Celsius, not two degrees as described in the Paris Agreement talks in 2015, “will have clear benefits for people and natural ecosystems”.
Experts said that without real change, the world would not even achieve the two-cent target.
“There is a clear need for a much greater ambition to reach even the two-degree target, and we are moving more towards three to five degrees Celsius at the moment,” World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Secretary-General Petrie Tallas told reporters in Geneva.
He said the past 18 years had been the warmest since the 1850s when temperatures began to be measured. Scientists attribute warming and extreme weather to mainly greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas.
The report said the current rate of global warming meant global warming would probably reach 1.5 degrees Celsius between 2030 and 2052, after a degree Celsius increase from pre-industrial levels in the mid-19th century.
He pointed out that meeting the goal of one and a half degrees Celsius will limit the rate of sea level rise by 0.1 meters by 2100 compared to the target of two degrees Celsius. This could reduce flooding and give coastal populations, islands and river delta time to adapt to climate change.
The goal would also reduce extinction, species disappearance and the impact of coastal, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, the report said.
“There was uncertainty as to whether we could distinguish the effects from the goal of the degree and a half centigrade,” Thalma Crouge, vice president of the agency, told Reuters in an interview.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) met in Incheon, South Korea, last week to finalize the report at the request of the 2015 signatory governments to assess the feasibility and importance of limiting global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The report is the main scientific reference to governments on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement, approved by some 200 countries and will be discussed at the Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December.
Scientists themselves were surprised to learn what science was and how far they could distinguish the benefits and the benefits of limiting global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to two degrees.”
To contain temperatures above 1.5 degrees Celsius, global carbon dioxide emissions should be reduced by around 45 percent by 2030 from 2020 levels to zero by mid-century.
The report said renewable energy would have to generate 70 percent to 85 percent of electricity by 2050 to stay at a ceiling of 1.5 degrees Celsius, from about 25 percent now.