UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) – To combat global warming, urgent measures are needed in all spheres of life. This is stated in the assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (UN IPCC), released on Monday.
According to experts, such steps are required to limit global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius compared with indicators of the pre-industrial era.
“Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius will require making quick, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all areas of society,” the UN IPCC said in a press release.
Experts note that such changes should apply to energy and industrial systems, as well as transport and cities.
The corresponding report was agreed on Saturday at the IPCC meeting in Incheon (South Korea). The chairman of the IPCC, Hwee Son Lee, said that thousands of experts had participated in the work on this report and that it contained more than 6 thousand references to scientific sources.
According to the co-chair of one of the expert working groups Panmao Zhaya, the report indicates that the world is already experiencing the effects of global warming by 1 degree Celsius, including “an increase in the number of extreme weather events, a rise in sea levels and a decrease in Arctic sea ice.”
The report, which was released on Monday, also states what consequences could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and not at 2 degrees Celsius, as previously planned.
“For example, by 2100, global sea level rise will be 10 cm lower with global warming by 1.5 degrees compared to two degrees … The number of coral reefs will decrease by 70-90% with global warming by 1.5 ° C, whereas almost all of them will be lost during warming by 2 ° C “, experts say.
For his part, the co-chair of the IPCC working group, Priyadarshi Shukla, noted that “limiting global warming to 1.5 ° C compared to 2 ° C will reduce adverse effects on ecosystems, human health and well-being, which will facilitate the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.”