The organization of the Islamic state from the Khilafah project has been turned into a group of scattered and dysfunctional gangs in Syria, which is expected to soon follow in the footsteps of Iraq as the war against the jihadists nears its territory.This was reported by AFP news agency.
Baghdad declared Saturday the “end of the war” on the organization of the Islamic state after a year of fierce fighting ended with the loss of the organization the city of Mosul, its main stronghold in Iraq, and the entire Syrian-Iraqi border, which previously formed the link between the “lands of succession” in the two countries.
The organization no longer controls any city in Syria, but it retains villages, towns and enclaves with a few thousand fighters, without any legitimate headquarters or offices accustomed to running the caliphate.
Yet last week Russia hastened to declare that Syria was “completely liberated” from radical organization.
“The organization has just become isolated groups inside Syrian territory,” said Rami Abdul Rahman, director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The military operations are expected to accelerate in the coming period “in an attempt by each side to achieve a victory near the elimination of the organization,” likely to “continue to organize its work through sleeper cells.”
Although they will not be able to re-invade certain areas, they can inflict damage through counter-attacks and sporadic militia-style bombings.
The militant group is still active in a small area on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River in the eastern province of Deir al-Zour, where hundreds of jihadists are holed up against attacks by Kurdish militants and their allies.
The Islamic state organization on Monday launched a series of attacks on positions of the regime forces on the West Bank of the river, killing at least 23 elements of the Syrian army and its allies, according to the Observatory.
– Different towns and pockets –
With the support of the United States, the organization of the Islamic state has lost control in northern, eastern and central Syria.
The expulsion of Kurdish fighters from the city of Raqqa, his stronghold in Syria, was the main loss.
The organization still controls parts of the Yarmouk camp, Hayy al-Tadamun and the Black Stone in south Damascus, and a number of villages in the eastern Homs and Hama al-Sharqi (central) districts.
In the wake of two separate attacks against it in eastern Syria, the organization is now in control of only about 18 villages and towns on the eastern banks of the Euphrates River, where it has been fighting an ongoing offensive by Syria’s democratic forces.
It also controls a small area in the southern Hasaka countryside (northeast) located in the military operations of the Kurdish fighters.
The Khalid bin al-Walid faction, which supports radical organization in the southern province of Daraa, is constantly fighting against both opposition factions and regime forces.
– neither headquarters nor structure –
On the impact of all these attacks, analysts are likely to escape the many jihadists and hide in remote desert areas or mixed with the displaced and return to civilian life.
Jihadist scholar Ayman al-Tamimi told AFP that “the organization of the Islamic state has turned into a rebellion movement for some time,” although it “tried to preserve the state project in the areas it controls,” especially in southern Damascus and the south of the country.
“There is no place in the general sense of the word, there is no central authority like Al-Raqqa is for the organization of the Islamic state in Syria,” he said.
Between 2016 and 2017, the organization of the Islamic state imposed a form of state through the Islamic courts and the Islamic police known as the “Hesba” and the administrative offices and prisons.
The extremist organization has raised terror by imposing strict restrictions on the population, such as abstaining from smoking or acquiring satellite dishes and imposing certain fashion, and punishing anyone who violates his orders to whip, cut hands and kill.
“It is true that the fighters of the Islamic state organization are distributed throughout the country, but that does not mean that there is no connection between them,” al-Tamimi said. “When the organization controlled territories connected to each other (from Iraq to Syria), it adopted a formal system of sending documents and letters between departments Regions “.
Despite its successive losses, al-Tamimi’s organization can still “smuggle messages and documents between different regions” and is likely to follow a “web-based encrypted system”.
The defeats of the Islamic state organization also reflected a decline in the publications of its propaganda machine, and most of the news it publishes is related to the ongoing battles and sporadic attacks in Deir al-Zour (east).
The fate of the leader of the Islamic State Organization, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, whose last record was broadcast on 29 September, calls for the organization’s elements to fight.
“It is difficult to say where Baghdadi is at this stage, but there was concern in some circles of the organization for his absence from playing a leading role … but I think it is still important for the organization despite its military losses,” al-Tamimi said.