UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (VOP TODAY NEWS) — In 2019, some 132 million people will need protection and international humanitarian assistance in 42 countries around the world, according to forecasts, which will reach 93 million in the same year.
On the occasion of World Humanitarian Day, which falls on 19 August each year, attention is drawn to the situation of states and people in need of humanitarian assistance around the world.
According to information compiled by the Anatolian reporter based on the Global Humanitarian Assessment 2019, published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), it turns out that despite the increase in development rates in the world, one out of every 70 people need assistance for reasons. Conflicts, disasters, food insecurity, sexual exploitation, human trafficking, and forced displacement.
Yemen, which is experiencing a serious humanitarian crisis, ranks first in the ranks of the countries most in need of humanitarian assistance, followed by Syria facing crises, internal war and disasters, followed by the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, and South Sudan.
The report itself warned that humanitarian needs could increase this year.
– Coverage rate not exceeding 56% by 2018 –
According to the report, the value of humanitarian aid needed by Syria, which has been in war since 2011, amounted to about $ 3.36 billion in 2018, of which only two billion have been provided.
On the other hand, the humanitarian aid needed by the famine country besides the war amounted to $ 2.96 billion last year, of which only $ 2.29 billion was provided.
For Sudan, which is also in crisis, its humanitarian needs last year amounted to $ 1.01 billion, of which only $ 603 million was saved.
In South Sudan, the humanitarian needs in the same year recorded $ 1.72 billion, of which 1.03 billion is saved, and in Somalia, $ 796 million of the total 1.54 billion in humanitarian needs last year.
In Nigeria, $ 677 million of the $ 1.05 billion needed has been secured.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which is suffering from the spread of infectious diseases, the value of humanitarian needs, last year, amounted to $ 1.68 billion, of which $ 733 million was saved, while in Ethiopia, the value of those needs $ 1.18 billion, of which $ 635 million.
Overall, humanitarian aid was estimated at $ 24.88 billion last year, of which only 56 percent was provided.
– Forecast 2019 –
The report also looked at the value of the expected humanitarian assistance the world needs in 2019, and the rates of meeting it in the light of the possibilities available.
An estimated 132 million people are in need of protection and international humanitarian assistance in 42 countries around the world, but only 93 million are expected this year.
In terms of the number of countries most affected by the crisis, Yemen comes first with 24 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, followed by Syria with 13 million, followed by the Democratic Republic of Congo with 12.8 million, Ethiopia with 8 million, South Sudan with 7.1 million and Nigeria. Iraq with 6.7 million, Afghanistan with 6.3 million, and Sudan with 5.5 million.
The same report also indicated that $ 21.9 billion will be needed this year to meet humanitarian needs in countries in need, including $ 4 billion for Yemen, $ 1.65 billion for the DRC, $ 1.50 billion for South Sudan, $ 1.08 billion for Somalia and $ 1 billion. Sudan.
– Turkey is the first in the world to provide assistance –
According to a report by the UK-based Development Initiatives on Global Humanitarian Aid 2018, Turkey in 2017 became the most humanitarian provider in the world, totaling $ 8.07 billion.
After Turkey, the United States of America with a total of 6.68 billion dollars, then Germany in third place with $ 2.99 billion, and Britain fourth with 2.52 billion.
Turkey came in first place in the ranking of countries for the total value of assistance to the national income, with Turkish aid constituted 0.85% of the national income, followed by Norway and Luxembourg with 0.17%, while the United States was only 0.4% ranked 19th.
World Humanitarian Day is celebrated annually on 19 August to pay tribute to humanitarian workers who are risking themselves in humanitarian services, and to mobilize support for those affected by crises around the world.
The day marks the anniversary of the 2003 terrorist attack on UN headquarters in Baghdad that killed 22 humanitarian workers, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for VOP from different countries around the world – edited and published by VOP staff in our newsroom.
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