A group of researchers has come across a never-before-seen phenomenon associated with Supermassive Black Holes. The discovery challenges all current theories about the origins of the universe.
BY NERTI U. QATJA, @VOP_TODAY – SOURCE: AMAZINGUNIVERSE
Based on our current knowledge of cosmology, this is something completely unexpected.
While observing a region in Space called ELAIS-N1 with the help of the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, researchers in South Africa have discovered a mysterious phenomenon where a group of Supermassive Black Holes appears to ‘spin out’ their jets in the same direction.
Scientists explain that when gas falls into a black hole, parts of it can come out as energy beams, a characteristic scientists have called jets of radio emission. Strangely, researchers have seen, for the first time that supermassive black holes are ‘sending out’ jets or radio emission in a mysterious cosmic pattern, where all jets are seen following a particular direction.
The bizarre discovery has helped astronomers understand that black holes can, in fact, align with each other over distances of billions of light-years.
The enigmatic jets that are being spun out of the black holes are produced by supermassive black holes located at the center of galaxies. Researchers speculate that the only logical explanation to understand the bizarre phenomenon where the spewed out Jets follow the same direction is if supermassive black holes are all spinning in the same direction said Professor Andrew Russ Taylor, joint University of Cape Town and the University of the Western Cape Chair.
‘Since these black holes do not know about each other, or have any way of exchanging information or influencing each other directly over such vast scales, this spin alignment must have occurred during the formation of the galaxies in the early universe,’ he notes.
However, this theory implies that there is a coherent spin in the structure which was formed during the creation of the large-scale structure of our universe.
Mysterious pattern on a cosmic scale
However, how is this explained scientifically? Well, researchers have several theories suggesting cosmic magnetic fields, associated with exotic particles called Axions. However, these are just some of the possible culprits that could cause the mysterious alignment observed by researchers.
UWC Professor Romeel Dave, SARChI Chair in Cosmology said: ‘This is not naturally expected based on our current understanding of cosmology. It is a bizarre finding.’
Astronomers state that a large-scale spin like this has never been predicted by previous theories.
Scientists added that an unknown phenomenon like this challenges the theories about the origins of the universe, but is a whole new opportunity to understand how the universe works.
‘We are beginning to understand how the large-scale structure of the universe came about, starting with the Big Bang and growing as a result of disturbances in the early universe, to what we have today,’ says Professor Taylor.
‘That helps us explore what the universe of tomorrow will be like.’
According to ScienceDaily, the presence of alignments and certain preferred orientations can shed light on the orientation and evolution of the galaxies, in relation to large-scale structures, and the motions in the primordial matter fluctuations that gave rise to the structure of the Universe.