Russia will deploy a laser navigation system on the Earth’s natural satellite.
The essence of the project is that special light beacons will be installed at the Luna-25 landing station, which will indicate the exact location of the vehicle’s landing. Laser signals can be observed from Earth using a telescope.
In the Lavochkin NGO, which is creating a module within the framework of the Federal Space Program, in the future such an extensive system will allow the vehicles and manned crews not only to determine their location with an error of up to 30 m, but also to organize movement along the lunar surface.
The module “Luna-25” will be planted in the region of the South Pole of the natural satellite of the Earth, so that with high accuracy it will be possible to determine the lunar latitudes. However, for the development of the navigation program and the measurement of longitude, it will be necessary to install similar devices closer to the equator of the Moon.
“A co-ordinate grid with exact binding on the terrain is required for more intensive development of the natural satellite of the Earth. This will help to choose places for future landings, to lay the routes of lunar rovers, to plan manned expeditions,” Vitaly Yegorov, the popularized cosmonautics specialist said.
The launch of the Luna-25 is scheduled for 2019.
The site of its landing was chosen not by chance, since the region of the South Pole of the natural satellite of the Earth is considered the most promising for creating an inhabited base.