NASA is hosting the new year in a “historic journey” to the far reaches of the solar system

File NASA

UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — The eyes NASA scientists New Year’s Eve Monday, to probe “New Horizons”, which will fly near the asteroid “Ultima Toll” in the far reaches of the solar system. The probe is expected to arrive at 5:33 GMT Tuesday at the lowest distance from the asteroid, which is 6 billion to 400 million kilometers from Earth.

Receives US space agency NASA for the New Year ‘s Eve waiting for the first probe “New Horizons” , which will fly near the Earth beyond the offense of human potential is closely until today signals, and is located in the far reaches of the solar system.

At 533 GMT on Tuesday morning, the probe is approaching the lowest distance of the asteroid Ultima Tol, which is 3500 km.

It is located at a distance of six billion to 400 million kilometers from Earth, very far from the sun, keeping it frozen and conserving the elements from which it originated at the beginning of the formation of the solar system four billion and 500 million years ago.

NASA will greet the new year with a program broadcast live on its Web site while the probe is in the vicinity of the asteroid.

A moving animation will be recorded along with a song by Brian May, a famous guitarist and co-founder of the Queen band, who also holds a Ph.D. in astrophysics.

The first images of the asteroid “Ultima” arrive by Tuesday afternoon

It will not be possible to obtain direct images of the probe in the vicinity of the asteroid, because the time required for the arrival of signals from this distance is more than six hours.

But if things are going well, the first images of Oltima will arrive before Tuesday afternoon, which scientists are eagerly awaiting to begin studying this crime, which will help understand the formation of the solar system.

As the probe neared its goal, the enthusiasm among the scientists supervising the mission grew, and space scientist Alan Stern wrote on Twitter. “We are there, the time of the probe near the asteroid is near and in good condition.”

The asteroid Ultima Tol is located in the Kuiper Belt, a cloud of ancient bodies that encapsulates the solar system.

Scientists do not yet know exactly the shape of the asteroid, which was first spotted in 2014 with the Hubble Space Telescope. They also do not know whether it is one piece or more.

But they know it is too small, a hundred times smaller than Pluto’s dwarf planet.

The New Horizons probe is flying at 51,000 km / h on a perilous journey

To make it perfectly clear, the probe was sent to the New Horizons after completing its mission to send detailed photos of Pluto in 2015, nine years after it was launched from Earth.

“Now we’re going to try to get three-times more accurate images of a trio than Pluto’s,” he says. “If we do, it would be great.”

But the journey is fraught with danger, as the probe swims into space at a tremendous speed of 51,500 km per hour. At this speed, hitting a small object, even the size of a grain of rice, is a devastating accident that shatters it.

When the probe becomes 3,500 kilometers from the asteroid, its speed will be 14 kilometers per second.

The asteroid named Ultima Toll was named after a distant island and is mentioned in medieval literature as the boundary of the world, because the asteroid is located at the ends of the solar system that includes the Earth, NASA explained.

The Kuiper belt, in which the asteroid is located, is four billion to 800 million kilometers from Earth. This belt was discovered in the 1990s.

“It’s the limits of astronomy,” said Hull Weaver, a researcher at Johns Hopkins University. “We finally got to the ends of the solar system. The bodies are still there since the solar system was created.”

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