Part 2: Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (501-1,000)

BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GMO Food is Disastrous to Health (P2)
BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GMO Food is Disastrous to Health (P2)
BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (P2) - Photo
BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (P2) – Photo
This compilation is a sample of the scientific references including over 2,000 studies, surveys, and analyses that suggest various adverse impacts and potential adverse impacts of genetically engineered (GE/ GMO) crops, foods and related pesticides.

GMO – This list contains references regarding health impacts, environmental impacts, including impact of non-target organisms (NTOs), resistance of target organisms, pesticide drift, genetic contamination, horizontal gene transfer, unintended effects, as well as references regarding yields, social impact, ethics, economics and regulations.

In most cases, links are provided to the abstracts for the references or links to sites where the study can be purchased.


  1. Ralf Einspanier, Bodo Lutz, Stefanie Rief, Oksana Berezina, Vladimir Zverlov, Wolfgang Schwarz, Johann Mayer (2004) Tracing residual recombinant feed molecules during digestion and rumen bacterial diversity in cattle fed transgene maize European Food Research and Technology February, Volume 218, Issue 3, pp 269-273


  1. S.Eker, L.Ozturk, A.Yazici, B.Erenoglu, V.Romheld, I. Cakmak I (2006) Foliar-applied glyphosate substantially reduced uptake and transport of iron and manganese in sunflower(Helianthus annuus L.) plants, J.Agric.Food Chem.54(26).PP1001910025.


  1. K. S. El‐Gendy, N. M. Aly & A.H. El‐Sebae (1998) Effects of edifenphos and glyphosate on the immune response and protein biosynthesis of bolti fish (Tilapia nilotica)   Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes Volume 33, Issue 2,


  1. Thanaa A. El-Kholy, Mohammad Abu Hilal, Hatim Ali Al-Abbadi, Abdulhalim Salim Serafi, Ahmad K. Al-Ghamdi, Hanan M. Sobhy and John R. C. Richardson (2014) The Effect of Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Soybean on DNA, Cytogenicity and Some Antioxidant Enzymes in Rats. Nutrients, 6(6), 2376-2386


  1. Elie-Caille C, Heu C, Guyon C, Nicod L. (2010) Morphological damages of a glyphosate-treated human keratinocyte cell line revealed by a micro- to nanoscale microscopic investigation. Cell Biol Toxicol. Aug;26(4):331-9.


  1. Elling B, Neuffer B, Bleeker W (2009) Sources of genetic diversity in feral oilseed rape (Brassica napus) populations. Basic Appl Ecol, 10(6):544–553


  1. Elmore et al, (2001) Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean Cultivar Yields Compared with Sister Lines Agronomy Journal 93: 408-412


  1. El-Nahas, A. F.; Mohamed, A. A. A.; Zweel, H. H.; El-Ashwamy, I. M (2011) Hepatorenal and genotoxic effects of genetically modified quail meat in a 90-day dietary toxicity study in mice. International Food Research Journal . Nov, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p1313-1319. 7p.


  1. Elsanhoty RM, Al-Turki AI, Ramadan MF. (2013) Prevalence of Genetically Modified Rice, Maize, and Soy in Saudi Food Products. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013 Aug 1


  1. R.M. Elsanhoty (2013) Genetically modified Roundup Ready soybean in processed meat products in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Annals of Agricultural SciencesVolume 58, Issue 2, December , Pages 231–237


  1. El-Shamei, Z. S. et al. Histopathological Changes in Some Organs of Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG). Journal of American Science, 2012;8(10)


  1. Ellstrand NC. (1988) Pollen as a vehicle for the escape of engineered genes? Trends Ecol Evol. Apr;3(4):S30-2.


  1. Ellstrand NC, Hoffman CA. (1990) Hybridisation as an avenue of escape for engineered genes: strategies for risk reduction. Bioscience ;40(6):438–42.


  1. Ellstrand, N.C. (1992). Gene flow by pollen – implications for plant conservation genetics. Oikos 63(1): 77-86.


  1. Ellstrand, N.C., Prentice, H.C., Hancock, J.F. (1999). Gene flow and introgression from domesticated plants into their wild relatives. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 539-563.


  1. Ellstrand N.C. (2001), When transgenes wander, should we worry?, “Plant Physiology”, 125, pp. 1543-1545


  1. Ellstrand, N.C. (2002). Gene Flow from Transgenic Crops to Wild Relatives: What Have We Learned, What Do We Know, What Do We Need to know? Pp. 39-46. Proceedings of the Gene Flow Workshop, The Ohio State University, March 5 and 6, 2002.


  1. Ellstrand NC. (2003) Current knowledge of gene flow in plants: implications for transgene flow. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. Jun 29;358(1434):1163-70.


  1. Norman C. Ellstrand (2003) Going to “Great Lengths” to Prevent the Escape of Genes That Produce Specialty Chemicals Plant Physiology August vol. 132 no. 4 1770-1774


  1. Ellstrand, N. C., Garner, L. C., Hedge, S., Guadagnuolo, R., Blancas, L. (2007) Spontaneous hybridization between maize and teosinte. Journal of Heredity, 98(2): 183-187.


  1. Endo, M., Kumagai, M., Motoyama, R., Sasaki-Yamagata, H., Mori-Hosokawa, S., Hamada, M., … & Toki, S. (2015). Whole-Genome Analysis of Herbicide-Tolerant Mutant Rice Generated by Agrobacterium-Mediated Gene Targeting. Plant and Cell Physiology, 56(1), 116-125.


  1. Epstein SS. (1990) Potential public health hazards of biosynthetic milk hormones. Int J Health Serv. ;20(1):73-84.


  1. Epstein SS. (1996) Unlabeled milk from cows treated with biosynthetic growth hormones: a case of regulatory abdication. Int J Health Serv. ;26(1):173-85.


  1. Samuel S. Epstein (2001) Re: Role of the Insulin-Like Growth Factors in Cancer Development and Progression JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst 93 (3): 238.


  1. Ergin, I., & Karababa, A. O. (2011). Genetiği değiştirilmiş organizmalar: Sağlığa zararlarını kanıtlamak neden zor? Sorunlar ve riskin ipuçları. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 9(2), 113-122.


  1. Sema ÖZMERT ERGİN, Hilmi YAMAN (2013) GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH. Gümüşhane University Journal of Health Sciences: 2013;2(2)


  1. N O Erhunmwunse, S A Ekaye, M O Ainerua, E E Ewere (2014) Histopathological changes in the Brain Tissue of Africa Catfish exposure to Glyphosate Herbicide.   Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management .   Vol 18, No 2 (2014)


  1. M. Eriksson, L. Hardell, N. O. Berg, T. Moller, and O. Axelson, (1981) Soft-tissue sarcomas and exposure to chemical substances: a case-referent study British Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 27–33


  1. M. Eriksson, L. Hardell, H. Malker, and J. Weiner, (1992) Malignant lymphoproliferative diseases in occupations with potential exposure to phenoxyacetic acids or dioxins: a register-based study American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 305–312


  1. Eriksson M, Hardell L, Carlberg M, Akerman M. (2008) Pesticide exposure as risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma including histopathological subgroup analysis. Int J Cancer. Oct 1;123(7):1657-63


  1. Ermakova IV (2005): Conclusion to the report about feeding of rats by genetically modified potatoes Russet Burbank Agrarian Russia 2005: 62-64.


  1. Ermakova IV (2005) About the dangers of genetically modified organisms in food. Agrarian Russia, 4, p.21-23.


  1. Ermakova IV (2006) Genetically modified soy leads to weight loss and increased mortality of pups of the first generation. Preliminary studies. EkosInform. Federal Environmental Law Gazette. a | -1,, p. 4-10. http://eco-irina


  1. Irina Ermakova (2006) Genetically modified organisms and biological risks. In the “Proceedings of International Disaster Reduction Conference (IDRC)” Davos, Switzerland August 27th – September 1st, pp.168-172 http://eco-irina-ermakova.


  1. Ermakova IV (2007) New data on the impact of GMOs on physiological state and the higher nervous activities mammals. All-Russia Symposium TRANSGENIC PLANTS AND BIOSAFETY Moscow, October 22 – 25, pages 38-39


  1. Irina Ermakova (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format   Nature VOLUME 25  NUMBER 12   DECEMBER 1351-1354


  1. Ermakova IV, IV Barskov (2008) Study of the physiological and morphological parameters in rats and their offspring using a diet containing soybean transgenic EPSPS CP4 Biological sciences. 6. p.19-20.


  1. Ermakova IV (2009) Influence of soybean gene EPSPS CP4 on the physiological state and reproductive functions of rats in the first two generations. Contemporary Problems in Science and Education Number 5, p.15-20.


  1. Ermakova IV (2009) Biological and ethological interaction processes artificially modified organisms. Terra Humana, № 3. P.114-122.


  1. Ermakova, I. V. (2010). New System of Food Control in Russia. In Food Chain Security (pp. 79-90). Springer Netherlands.


  1. Ermakova, I. (2011). Destruction of the Biosphere as the Result of Negative Influences of Different Factors on Living Organisms and the Environment. In Environmental Security and Ecoterrorism (pp. 171-179). Springer Netherlands.


  1. European Environment Agency (2013) Late lessons from early warnings: science, precaution, innovation EEA Report No 1/2013


  1. Rafael Evangelista (2006) Company is accused of using Peruvian children as guinea pigs. Cienc. Cult. vol.58 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2006 http://cienciaecultura.bvs.


  1. Evans, S. C., E. M. Shaw, and A. L. Rypstra. (2010) Exposure to a Glyphosate-Based Herbicide Affects Agrobiont Predatory Arthropod Behaviour and Long-Term Survival. Ecotoxicology 19, no. 7 Oct : 1249-57.


  1. John D. Everitt and J. Wayne Keeling (2009) Cotton Growth and Yield Response to Simulated 2,4-D and Dicamba Drift. Weed Technology: October 2009, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 503-506.


  1. Jonathan Ewbank (1999) Biotech companies must get back to basics to weigh up risks Nature 401, 207 (16 September 1999) | doi:10.1038/45652


  1. Stanley WB Ewen, Arpad Pusztai (1999) Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine The Lancet, Volume 354, Issue 9187, Pages 1353 – 1354


  1. Stanley WB Ewen, Arpad Pusztai (1999) Health risks of genetically modified foods The Lancet, Volume 354, Issue 9179, Page 684, 21 August


  1. Faccini, D. 2000. Los cambios tecnológicos y las nuevas especies de malezas en soja. Universidad de Rosario, AgroMensajes 4, 5.


  1. Fagan, J. (2008). Impacts of GMOs on organic agriculture. Agronomski glasnik, 70(3), 211-235.


  1. Falk, B.W. and Bruening, G. (1994). Will transgenic crops generate new viruses and new diseases? Science 263, 1395-6.


  1. Jin Y. Fan, Jin J. Geng, Hong Q. Ren, Xiao R. Wang, Chao Han. (2013) Herbicide Roundup® and its main constituents cause oxidative stress and inhibit acetylcholinesterase in liver of Carassius auratus. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 48:10, 844-850 doi/abs/10.1080/03601234 .2013.795841#.Un2fYkko7IU


  1. Jinyu Fan, Jinju Geng, Hongqiang Ren & Xiaorong Wang (2013) Hydroxyl radical generation and oxidative stress in Carassius auratus exposed to glyphosate and its formulation. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry Volume 95, Issue 7 /doi/abs/10.1080/02772248 .2013.863889#.U6LtevldXMJ


  1. Kangju Fang, Zeng Ming, Guan Lan, Guojin Min, Chen Peng (2008) Glyphosate mutagenicity studies in mice. “Cancerous. Distortion. Mutation” 2008 03


  1. Fangneng H, Rogers L B and Xiaoyi W (2007) Resistance of sugarcane borer to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 124(1):117-123. doi/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2007. 00560.x/abstract


  1. Fares NH, El-Sayed AK. (1998) Fine structural changes in the ileum of mice fed on delta-endotoxin-treated potatoes and transgenic potatoes. Nat Toxins.;6(6):219-33. http://www.ncbi.nlm.n


  1. Faria CA, Wäckers FL, Pritchard J, Barrett DA and Turlings TCJ (2007) High susceptibility of Bt maize to aphids enhances the performance of parasitoids of lepidopteran pests. PLoS ONE 2(7):e600 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih .gov/pmc/articles/PMC1899225/


  1. Juliano Ricardo Farias, David A. Andow, Renato Jun Horikoshi, Rodrigo José Sorgatto, Pablo Fresia, Antonio Cesar dos Santos, Celso Omoto (2014) Field-evolved resistance to Cry1F maize by Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. Crop Protection Volume 64, October 2014, Pages 150–158 science/article/pii/S026121 941400204X


  1. Farias, J. R., Horikoshi, R. J., Santos, A. C., & Omoto, C. (2014). Geographical and Temporal Variability in Susceptibility to Cry1F Toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Populations in Brazil. Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(6), 2182-2189. doi/abs/10.1603/EC14190


  1. Farrell, A.P., W. Bennet, R.H. Devlin. 1997. Growth-enhanced transgenic salmon can be inferior swimmers. Can. J. Zool. 75: 335–37. /doi/abs/10.1139/z 97-043#.UiyS0UnD_mQ


  1. FARSUL. (2009) Divulgados resultados do Programa de Avaliação de Cultivares de Soja(Published results of the Program Evaluation of soybean cultivars).17/06/2009. informes.php?id_noticia=870


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  1. Wang Fei (2008) Roundup (41% glyphosate) research on human L-02 liver cell injury. “South University” 2008


  1. Felix, Joel, Rick Boydston, and Ian C. Burke. (2011) Potato Response to Simulated Glyphosate Drift. Weed Technology 25, no. 4 (10/01): 637-44. i/abs/10.1614/WT-D-11-00001.1


  1. Felix, J., Boydston, R., & Burke, I. C. (2012). Response of direct-seeded dry bulb onion to simulated glyphosate drift with variable rates and application timings. Weed Technology, 26(4), 747-756. /doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D- 12-00013.1


  1. Felke M, Lorenz N, Langenbruch GA (2002). Laboratory studies on the effects of pollen from Bt maize on larvae of some butterfly species., J. Appl. Entomol.126: 320-325


  1. Felke M, Langenbruch GA, Feiertag S, Kassa A. (2010) Effect of Bt-176 maize pollen on first instar larvae of the Peacock butterfly (Inachis io) (Lepidoptera; Nymphalidae) Environmental Biosafety Research. ;9:5–12.


  1. Feng, J.C.; Thompson, D.G. & Reynolds, P.E. (1990). Fate of glyphosate in a Canadian forest watershed. 1. Aquatic residues and off target deposit assessment. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 38, 1110-1118 a/hfd/library/ffip/Feng_ JC1990JAgricFoodChem.pdf


  1. Feng PCC, Pratley JE, Bohn JA (1999) Resistance to glyphosate in Lolium rigidum. II. Uptake, translocation and metabolism. Weed Sci 47:412–415 /10.2307/4046214?uid=37 39256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid =70&uid=4&sid=21102886918123


  1. Feng, P. C. C., M. Tran, T. Chiu, R. D. Sammons, G. R. Heck, and C. A. CaJacob. (2004) Investigation into glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis): retention, uptake, translocation, and metabolism. Weed Sci 52:498–505. doi/abs/10.1614/WS-03-137R


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  1. Antonio Turrent Fernández, José Isabel Cortés Flores, Alejandro Espinosa Calderón, José Antonio Serratos Hernández y Hugo Mejía Andrade (2011) Differences between classical plant breeding of maize and breeding through genetic engineering. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc vol.2 no.6 Texcoco nov./dic. oa?id=263121473012


  1. Fernandez-Cornejo, J., Klotz-Ingram, C., Jans, S. (2002) Farm-level effects of adopting herbicide-tolerant soybeans in the USA, Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 34, 149–163. ext/17345891/


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  1. J. Flávio Ferreira (2012) TO FEED THE WORLD: GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD,(IN)SAFE DIET AND THE RISKS TO HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT. MEDIAÇÕES, LONDRINA, v. 17 n. 2, p. 272-289, Jul./Dez. php/mediacoes/article/view/14033


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  1. Klara Fischer, Johnnie van den Berg, Charles Mutengwa (2015) Is Bt maize effective in improving South African smallholder agriculture? South African Journal of Science Volume 111 | Number 1/2 January/February 2015 efault/files/publications /pdf/Fischer_Commentary.pdf


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  1. D.T. Tyler Flockhart, Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt, D. Ryan Norris and Tara G. Martin (2014) Unraveling the annual cycle in a migratory animal: Breeding-season habitat loss drives population declines of monarch butterflies. Journal of Animal Ecology /doi/10.1111/1365-2656/abstract


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  1. Gab-Alla, A. et al. (2012) Morphological and Biochemical Changes in Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG). Journal of American Science, ;8(9) http://www.academia.ed


  1. Gacovski, Ž., Cilev, G., & Petrovska, B. (2015). Introduction of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)-Health Risks and Benefits for Animals and Citizens of Republic of Macedonia. Агрознање, 15(3), 309-317. hp/agroznanje/article/view/1777


  1. Todd A Gaines, Wenli Zhang, Dafu Wang, Bekir Bukun, Stephen T Chisholm, Dale L Shaner, Scott J Nissen, William L Patzoldt, Patrick J Tranel, A Stanley Culpepper, Timothy L Grey, Theodore M Webster, William K Vencill, R Douglas Sammons, Jiming Jiang, Christopher Preston, Jan E Leach and Philip Westra(2010) Gene Amplification confers glyphosate resistance in Amaranthus palmeri. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.107 (3),1029-1034 content/107/3/1029


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