Part 4: Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1,251-1,500)

Part 4 - Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1,251-1,500)
Part 4 - Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1,251-1,500)
Part 4 - Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1,251-1,500)
Part 4 – Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1,251-1,500)
Monsanto – This compilation is a sample of the scientific references including over 2,000 studies, surveys, and analyses that suggest various adverse impacts and potential adverse impacts of genetically engineered (GE/GMO) crops, foods and related pesticides. – Monsanto

Monsanto – This list contains references regarding health impacts, environmental impacts, including impact of non-target organisms (NTOs), resistance of target organisms, pesticide drift, genetic contamination, horizontal gene transfer, unintended effects, as well as references regarding yields, social impact, ethics, economics and regulations. Monsanto GMO Foods

In most cases, links are provided to the abstracts for the references or links to sites where the study can be purchased.

GMO SCIENCE & RESEARCH LIST 1251 – 1500

  1. Monroy CM, Cortés AC, Sicard DM, de Restrepo HG. (2005) [Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of human cells exposed in vitro to glyphosate]. Biomedica. Sep;25(3):335-45.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
  1. Emily Montgomery (2012) GENETICALLY MODIFIED PLANTS AND REGULATORY LOOPHOLES AND WEAKNESSES UNDER THE PLANT PROTECTION ACT. Vermont Law Review [Vol. 37:351]  http://lawreview.vermontlaw
  1. Moore LJ, Fuentes L, Rodgers JH Jr, Bowerman WW, Yarrow GK, Chao WY, Bridges WC Jr. (2012) Relative toxicity of the components of the original formulation of Roundup to five North American anurans. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Apr;78:128-33.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Harrison Moore, Douglas P. Chivers, Maud C.O. Ferrari (2014) Sub-lethal effects of Roundup™ on tadpole anti-predator responses.   Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 111, January 2015, Pages 281–285  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Morandin, Lora A., and Mark L. Winston (2005) WILD BEE ABUNDANCE AND SEED PRODUCTION IN CONVENTIONAL, ORGANIC, AND GENETICALLY MODIFIED CANOLA Ecological Applications 15:871–881.  http://dx.doi.org
  1. Darek T R Moreau, Corinne Conway, and Ian A Fleming (2011) Reproductive performance of alternative male phenotypes of growth hormone transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Evol Appl. November; 4(6): 736–748.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.
  1. Natália Cestari Moreno, Silvia Helena Sofia, Claudia B.R. Martinez (2014) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup Transorb® and its active ingredient glyphosate on the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 37, Issue 1, January, Pages 448–454  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Moreno-Fierros, L. García, N. Gutiérrez,R. López-Revilla, R.Vázquez-Padrón, RI..(2000). Intranasal, rectal and intraperitoneal immunization with protoxin Cry1Ac from Bacillus thuringiensis induces compartmentalized serum, intestinal, vaginal and pulmonary immune responses in Balb/c mice. Microbes Infect 2(8): 885-90;  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Moretti, M. L., Hanson, B. D., Hembree, K. J., & Shrestha, A. (2013). Glyphosate resistance is more variable than paraquat resistance in a multiple-resistant hairy fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) population. Weed Science, 61(3), 396-402.  http://www.wssajournals.org
  1. Morgan MK, Sheldon LS, Thomas KW, Egeghy PP, Croghan CW, Jones PA, Chuang JC, Wilson NK. (2008) Adult and children’s exposure to 2,4-D from multiple sources and pathways. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2008 Sep;18(5):486-94.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Morgan MK, Wilson NK, Chuang JC. (2014) Exposures of 129 preschool children to organochlorines, organophosphates, pyrethroids, and acid herbicides at their homes and daycares in North Carolina. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 Apr 3;11(4):3743-64.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Mori, T., R. Devlin. (1999) Transgene and host growth hormone gene expression in pituitary and nonpituitary tissues of normal and growth hormone transgenic salmon. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 149: 129–39.  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Wendy A Morley, Stephanie Seneff (2014) Diminished brain resilience syndrome: A modern day neurological pathology of increased susceptibility to mild brain trauma, concussion, and downstream neurodegeneration. Surg Neurol Int, 5:97  www.surgicalneurologyint.com
  1. Morowati, M. (2000) Histochemical and histopathological study of the intestine of the earthworm (Pheretima elongata) exposed to a field dose of the herbicide glyphosate. Environmentalist 20, 105–111  http://link.springer.com/
  1. John P. Morrissey, Ultan F. Walsh, Anne O’Donnell, Yvan Moënne-Loccoz, Fergal O’Gara (2002)Exploitation of genetically modified inoculants for industrial ecology applications Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 12-2002, Volume 81, Issue 1-4, pp 599-606  http://link.springer.com
  1. Mortensen DA, Egan JF, Maxwell BD, Ryan MR, Smith RG. (2012) Navigating a critical juncture for sustainable weed management. Bio Science. 62(1):75-84  http://www.iatp.org/
  1. Sara Mostafalou, Mohammad Abdollahi (2013) Pesticides and human chronic diseases: Evidences, mechanisms, and perspectives. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology Volume 268, Issue 2, 15 April 2013, Pages 157–177  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Motavalli PP, Kremer RJ, Fang M and Means NE (2004) Impact of genetically modified crops and their management on soil microbially mediated plant nutrient transformations. J. Environ. Qual. 33(3),81624.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Mottier A, Kientz-Bouchart V, Serpentini A, Lebel JM, Jha AN, Costil K. (2013) Effects of glyphosate-based herbicides on embryo-larval development and metamorphosis in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Aquat Toxicol. Mar 15;128-129:67-78.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Mottier, Antoine, Alexis Séguin, Alexandre Devos, Charles Le Pabic, Claire Voiseux, Jean Marc Lebel, Antoine Serpentini, Bruno Fievet, and Katherine Costil. (2014). Effects of subchronic exposure to glyphosate in juvenile oysters (Crassostrea gigas): From molecular to individual levels. Marine pollution bulletin.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/
  1. Mottier, A., Pini, J., & Costil, K. (2014). Effects of a POEA surfactant system (Genamin T-200 (®)) on two life stages of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. The Journal of toxicological sciences: an official journal of the Japanese Society of Toxicology, 39(2), 211-215.  https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp
  1. Muchaonyerwa P. & Waladde S.M. (2007) Persistence of the pesticidal Bacillus thuringiensis protein expressed in Bt maize plant materials in two soils of the Central Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 24(1): 26-31.  http://www.tandfonline.com
  1. Mueller W., Jaschok A. (2007), Effect of foreign (not self) DNA/RNA on the Human Immune System in regard to Genetically Modified Plants, Environment Protection Organisation Global 2000, Vienna  http://stopogm.net/
  1. William M. Muir and Richard D. Howard (1999) Possible ecological risks of transgenic organism release when transgenes affect mating success: Sexual selection and the Trojan gene hypothesis Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 November 23; 96(24): 13853–13856  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Mulder C, Wouterse M, Raubuch M, Roelofs W & Rutgers M. (2006) Can transgenic maize affect soil microbial communities? PLoS Comput Biol. 2006 September; 2(9): e128.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Mulder C, Wouterse M, Rutgers M. & Posthuma L. (2007) Transgenic maize containing the Cry1Ab protein ephemerally enhances soil microbial communities Ambio 36:359-361.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Werner Müller (2000) Effect of foreign (=not self) DNA/RNA on the Human Immune System in regard to Genetically Modified Plants. Environment Protection Organisation, Global 2000, Vienna Austria  http://stopogm.net
  1. Müller, W. (2004) Recherche und Analyse bezuglich human toxikologischer Risiken von gentechnisch veränderten Soja-und Maispflanzen. Eco-risk(Buro fur Ökologische Risikoforschung), Vienna,April10  www.keinegentechnik.de/
  1. Munier DJ, Brittan KL, Lanini WT.(2012) Seedbank persistence of genetically modified canola in California. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int.19(6):2281-4.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Muñoz, L. M. H., Velásquez, T. M. T., & Bautista, M. H. B. (2014). EVALUACIÓN DE LA TOXICIDAD DE DOS AGROQUIMICOS, ROUNDUP® ACTIVO Y COSMO-FLUX® 411F, EN RENACUAJOS DE ANUROS COLOMBIANOS. Acta Biológica Colombiana, 20(2).  http://www.scielo.org.co/
  1. Alistair Munro (2008) The spatial impact of genetically modified crops Ecological Economics Volume 67, Issue 4, 1 November, Pages 658–666  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Maria R. Lee-Muramoto (2012) REFORMING THE “UNCOORDINATED” FRAMEWORK FOR REGULATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY Drake Journal of Agricultural Law, Vol. 17, No. 2,  http://papers.ssrn.com
  1. Fran Murrell (2013) What is genetically modified food, why is it controversial and how do I know if I’m eating it? Journal of the HEIA Vol. 20, No. 3, 2013  http://www.madge.org.
  1. Myers, O., Schmidt, M., Lightfoot, B., Njiti, V., Shenaut, M., and Buehler, R. (1999) Interaction between application of roundup ultra to roundup ready soybean and subsequent response to sudden death syndrome (SDS). In Proceedings of the 6th World Soybean Research Conference, Superior Printing: Champaign, Ill.
  1. Myhr A. I. and T. Traavik (1999) The Precautionary Principle Applied to Deliberate Release of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Microb Ecol Hlth Dis 11 , 65–74.  http://www.microbecolhealthdis
  1. Anne Ingeborg Myhr, Terje Traavik (2002) The Precautionary Principle: Scientific Uncertainty and Omitted Research in the Context of GMO Use and Release Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 73-86  http://link.springer.com
  1. Myhr, A.I. and Traavik, T (2003) Genetically modified crops: Precautionary science and conflicts of interests. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 16:227-247  http://link.springer.com
  1. Myhr , A.I. and Traavik, T. (2003) Sustainable development and Norwegian Genetic Engineering regulations: Applications, impacts and challenges. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 16:317-335.  http://link.springer.com
  1. Myhr, A.I. (2007) The Role of Precautionary Motivated Science in Addressing Scientific UncertaintiesRelated to GMOs. Book chapter in: Traavik, T. and Lim, L.C. (eds.) Biosafety First: Holistic Approaches to Risk and Uncertainty in Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms, Tapir Academic Press, Trondheim  http://genok.no/wp-content
  1. Myhr, A.I. (2010) The Challenge of Scientific Uncertainty and Disunity in Risk Assessment and Management of GM Crops. Environmental Values 19 : 7-31.  http://www.erica.demon.co.uk
  1. Anne Ingeborg Myhr, G. Kristin Rosendal and Ingrid Olesen (2012). New Developments in Biotechnology and IPR in Aquaculture – Are They Sustainable?, Aquaculture, Dr. Zainal Muchlisin (Ed.), pages 317-342 ISBN: 978-953-307-974-5, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/30830.  http://www.intechopen.com
  1. Marit R. Myhre·Kristin A. Fenton·Julia Eggert· Kaare M. Nielsen·Terje Traavik (2006) The 35S CaMV plant virus promoter is active in human enterocyte-like cells Eur Food Res Technol (2006) 222: 185–193  http://www.mma.gov
  1. Ian A Myles (2014) Fast food fever: reviewing the impacts of the Western diet on immunity. Nutrition Journal, 13:61  http://www.nutritionj.com
  1. Mylonas, P. N., Giannopolitis, C. N., Efthimiadis, P. G., Menexes, G. C., Madesis, P. B., & Eleftherohorinos, I. G. (2014). Glyphosate resistance of molecularly identified Conyza albida and Conyza bonariensis populations. Crop Protection, 65, 207-215.  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Nair, R., Kamath, S. P., Mohan, K. S., Head, G., & Sumerford, D. V. (2015). Inheritance of field‐relevant resistance to the Bacillus thuringiensis protein Cry1Ac in Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) collected from India. Pest management science.  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
  1. Nandula V.K., Reddy, K., Duke, S. (2005) Glyphosate- resistant weeds : Current status and future outlook. Outlooks on Pest Management 16,183187.  http://www.researchgate.net
  1. Nandula VK, Wright AA, Molin WT, Ray JD, Bond JA, Eubank TW. (2014) EPSPS amplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): A case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Pest Manag Sci. Feb 4.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Navarro, C. D., & Martinez, C. B. (2014) Effects of the surfactant polyoxyethylene amine (POEA) on genotoxic, biochemical and physiological parameters of the freshwater teleost Prochilodus lineatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology.  http://www.sciencedirect.com
  1. Nazarova AF, Ermakova IV (2010) Effect of soy diet on reproductive function and testosterone levels in rats and hamsters. Academy Trinitarism, № 77-6567, publ.15788, 12.02.  http://www.trinitas.ru
  1. Negga R, Rudd DA, Davis NS, Justice AN, Hatfield HE, Valente AL, Fields AS, Fitsanakis VA. (2011) Exposure to Mn/Zn ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate and glyphosate pesticides leads to neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans. Neurotoxicology. Jun;32(3):331-41  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  1. Negga R, Stuart JA, Machen ML, Salva J, Lizek AJ, Richardson SJ, Osborne AS, Mirallas O, McVey KA, Fitsanakis VA. (2012) Exposure to glyphosate- and/or Mn/Zn-ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate-containing pesticides leads to degeneration of γ-aminobutyric acid and dopamine neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans. Neurotox Res. Apr;21(3):281-90.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih
  1. Teresinha de Jesus C. Neiva; Ana Carolina R. Moraes; Rafaella SchwyzerI; Cidônia de Lourdes Vituri; Tania Rubia F. Rocha; Diana M. Fries; Márcio A. Silva; Aloisio Luiz Benedetti (2010) In vitro effect of the herbicide glyphosate on human blood platelet aggregation and coagulation Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. vol.32 no.4  www.scielo.br
  1. Nestle M (1996) Allergies in Transgenic foods-questions of policy. The New England Journal of Medicine 334: 726 727  http://www.readabstracts.com
  1. Nestle, M (2001) Genetically Engineered ”Golden” Rice Unlikely to Overcome Vitamin A Deficiency Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Volume 101, Number 3, March, pp. 289-290(2)  http://www.indiatogether.org
  1. Netherwood T., Martín-Orúe S.M., O’Donnell A.G., Gockling S., Graham J., Mathers J.C., Gilbert H.J. (2004) Assessing the survival of transgenic plant DNA in the human gastro- intestinal tract. Nature Biotechnology 22, 204-209  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.
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  1. Oliveira, S. R., Menegario, A. A., & Arruda, M. A. (2014). Evaluation of Fe uptake and translocation in transgenic and non-transgenic soybean plants using enriched stable 57 Fe as a tracer. Metallomics, 6(10), 1832-1840.  http://pubs.rsc.org
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  1. Hanaa ORABY, Mahrousa KANDIL, Nermeen SHAFFIE, Inas GHALY (2015) Biological impact of feeding rats with a genetically modified-based diet. Turkish Journal of Biology . 2015, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p265-275. 11p.  http://journals.tubitak.gov
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