UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — The international community on Saturday provided the Paris Climate Agreement with tools to implement it but without making promises of more steps and speed against global warming, despite the urgent situation and disasters occurring all over the world.
“The program of action for the Paris agreement has assumed a great responsibility,” said the president of the conference, Michael Cortica. “The road was long and we did everything we could so as not to disappoint anyone.”
A few weeks ago, scientists at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change launched the warning, asserting that the effects of warming would be much greater in a world where the temperature rose two degrees, from a world of only 1.5 degrees Celsius, to the ideal limit specified in the agreement.
But to stay below that, carbon dioxide emissions should be reduced by about 50 percent by 2030 than in 2010, while the current promises of countries are announcing a world where temperatures rise three degrees, bringing in storms, droughts and floods.
In the face of this warning, several delegations, especially the vulnerable island states, had hoped that countries would prepare at the 24th UN Climate Conference to increase their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.
In an inappropriate geopolitical environment, States have sought, in particular, to implement the rules that would allow for the implementation of the Agreement. It was adopted Saturday amid warm applause from delegations.
These rules took three years to complete and were finalized in the last 14 days in arduous negotiations to be included in a booklet of about 100 pages. It specifies in particular the means of monitoring national movements. These rules have some flexibility for developing countries.
French President Emmanuel Macron expressed his satisfaction over what had been reached. “The international community remains committed to fighting climate change,” he said, congratulating “the United Nations, scientists, non-governmental organizations and all negotiators.”
“France and Europe must show the right path, the battle is going on.”
Spanish Environment Minister Theresa Ribeira said the manual was “clear enough to make the Paris agreement practical, and that is good news.” “In these current circumstances, the continued construction of our building is a success,” she said, although many were looking for “stronger messages” about ambitions.
“This failure to respond to the government agency report is a shock,” said Jennifer Morgan, Executive Director of Greenpeace. “You can not meet after that and say you can not do more,” she said.
“We are still witnessing an irresponsible division that puts small and poor countries in a confrontation with those who may hinder climate work or who do not move quickly enough in an unethical way,” she said.
In fact, in its final decision, the Conference merely “repeats the request to update” pledges by 2020, a provision of the Paris Agreement. The conference emphasizes its “insistence on the need to increase ambitions” without specifying a timetable.
The recognition or non-recognition of the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change led to the mobilization of the United States, Saudi Arabia and Russia, all of which refused to include a phrase welcoming these findings in the final resolution.
But in a letter read Saturday night in public, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterich, who visited Katowice three times to press negotiators, said the battle was not over. “My five priorities will be ambitious, ambitious, ambitious, ambitious and ambitious,” he said, in preparation for the next summit in September 2019.
– “second degree” –
“While the United States and three oil countries have prevented the final decision from reflecting the need to act quickly, the majority of countries have heard the desperate warning of scientists,” said Alden Meyer, an expert at the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Observers noted that the United States, which withdrew from the agreement but is still involved, strongly defended their traditional positions. They said their fingerprints were particularly clear on the rules for developing countries.
Environment Minister Catherine McKenna told AFP that in the face of the “vacuum” left by the Americans’ withdrawal, “China is moving faster” and seemed very constructive.
Egyptian Ambassador Wael Abu al-Majd, head of the negotiating group of the G-77 bloc of developing countries and China, said the agreed rules “referred the urgent needs of developing countries to adapt to climate change to a second-tier situation.”
Poland, whose president strongly defended its coal industry, has not escaped criticism. “We will not remember them, whether they are trying to use this conference as a commercial market to promote coal, or because they are not interested in reaching ambitious results,” said Mohamed Addo of the non-governmental organization Christian Aid.
Developing countries have sought more clarification from rich nations on how to finance the fight against climate change and have pressed for so-called “damage and damage” measures – rich countries pay money to help poor people cope with the effects of climate change.
While the Nordic countries promised 100 billion dollars a year by 2020, some countries, such as Germany, have announced new contributions, especially in the Green Box. The World Bank also promised $ 200 billion for the period 2021-2025.
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