UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (VOP TODAY NEWS) — A leaked government estimate suggested that a Brexit without an agreement could cause fuel and medicine shortages, despite Prime Minister Boris Johnson stepping up preparations to counter that possibility during his first weeks in office.
Johnson ordered ministries and government departments to “step up and accelerate” contingency plans after he took office on July 24, pledging to provide “all the necessary funding” even if it exceeds the £ 4.2 billion (4.6 billion euros), $ 5.1 billion).
But analyzes of the possible fallout from Britain without an agreement leaked to the Sunday Times carried a bleak outlook.
The following are a number of possible implications:
Ahead of the March 29 pre-Brexit date, the government set up a “Operation Yellowhamer” to prepare for unrest that could affect 12 key areas including food, water, health care and transport.
Under the plan, each department will have an operations center, some of which will operate around the clock, according to the Institute of Government.
Meanwhile, a new £ 100m advertising campaign is reportedly underway to help businesses and consumers prepare for the new phase.
– Corporate readiness:
The leaked government report showed that British companies were still largely unprepared for Brexit without an agreement, although a central bank survey in March found that 80 percent of companies considered themselves ready.
The Confederation of British Industry (CBI), the country’s main employers’ association, said many commodity companies were currently less willing to break without an agreement in October, and warned that the process of storing goods would be harder in the run-up to Christmas.
On services, some agreements have been reached on both sides, including a one-year agreement to protect London’s huge derivatives market.
– Delays at the border:
The European Union says it will immediately begin customs inspections, food safety checks and ensure that EU standards meet its borders with Britain.
Fearing long queues at crowded crossing points, Britain is opening new routes and increasing routes to other ports to ease pressure on Dover, the most important port.
However, Yellhammer’s analysis predicts that 85% of trucks using the main English channel crossings “may not be ready” for French customs and may face days of delay.
He says congestion could “affect fuel distribution” in the country.
– Main Supplies –
Many pharmaceutical companies have been stockpiling drugs and changing supply routes to minimize repercussions, according to the Federation of British Industries.
But about 28 percent of food consumed in Britain comes from the European Union, and major supermarkets have warned of the risk of supply disruptions.
The Yellowhamer file warns that the supply of fresh water can be affected, thus affecting “hundreds of thousands”.
– Aircraft and trains:
The European Union has agreed to allow flights from Britain to the 27 EU member states, but until March 2020. Express train service in the 50-km Channel Tunnel between Britain and France will remain open for three months, provided Britain complies with EU standards. For train safety.
But Whitehall’s leaked assessment suggests delays at Eurostar in St Pancras and Eurotunnel on the south coast of England, as well as at airports.
– Trade and Tariffs –
Britain says it will eliminate tariffs on most imports and keep tariffs on a number of farm goods to protect farmers.
But the EU will treat Britain as any country outside the EU and impose tariffs that are generally low – about 1.5 percent – but will be higher on certain sectors, including automobiles, at 10 percent.
Britain will also lose its ability to enter major markets covered by EU trade agreements, although it has signed some of those agreements with countries including South Korea and Switzerland.
– Rights of EU citizens:
A key clause of the draft Brexit agreement with the EU is the protection of the rights of 3.5 million EU citizens residing in Britain, and more than 1 million Britons living in EU countries.
Many EU countries have taken steps to protect the rights of British residents, while more than 800,000 Europeans have received a “resident status” model in Britain.
Without an agreement, British citizens’ residency in the European Union would be limited to 90 days and subject to tougher passport checks.
– northern Ireland:
Britain will not immediately enforce customs checks on the border with EU member Ireland to avoid raising tensions in violent Northern Ireland.
But the government’s leaked analysis acknowledges that this is an “unsustainable situation” and the actual borders will return, while the EU said it would monitor the movement of goods through what would become its external borders.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for VOP from different countries around the world – edited and published by VOP staff in our newsroom.
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