UNITED STATES (VOP TODAY NEWS) — Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu won the support of a majority of parliamentarians on Tuesday to form a new government after the April 9 election.
Netanyahu is heading for a fifth term at the head of the government, thereby achieving an unprecedented achievement, confident of his ability to form a mass of religious and right-wing parties.
The bloc will enjoy a slim majority in the face of opposition likely to be led by the center-left Blue White party. No one party has ever won an absolute majority in the Knesset.
The following is a quick guide to different parties, the winner and the loser and what may happen next:
Q: What coalition will Netanyahu seek to form?
The coalition will probably be a replica of the right-wing government. Netanyahu, 69, said in a speech to win the election that he intends to form his new cabinet of right-wing and religious parties.
* What is the next step?
Formation of the coalition. On Wednesday, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin is expected to announce the name of the best chance to form a government after consultation with leaders of all the parties.
On Tuesday, Rivlin said a majority of MPs advised him to cost Netanyahu a new government.
Netanyahu will have up to 42 days to form a government. If he fails to form a government, the president will ask another politician to try.
In the past, coalition negotiations have usually been lengthy. Small parties will demand ministerial portfolios and will also have their financial and legislative demands to fulfill the promises they made to their constituents during the election campaign.
What are the parties that support Netanyahu?
He won 35 seats compared with 30 seats before the election and his leader Benjamin Netanyahu.
The party has spearheaded right-wing policies in Israel for decades. The party first came to power in 1977.
Netanyahu embodies Likud’s hard-line positions on security in issues such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and foreign policy that now focus on Iran.
Many Likud members oppose the establishment of a Palestinian state. Netanyahu has promised a promise in the recent election campaign to annex Jewish settlements in the West Bank if he wins a new term.
Some 400,000 Jews live in the settlements, with 2.9 million Palestinians living in the West Bank, which Israel captured in the 1967 Middle East war and still holds under military occupation, but has never officially declared.
During the election campaign, the party turned around Netanyahu, who is likely to be charged in three corruption cases.
Right wing union
He won five Knesset seats, the same number he held before the elections. His leader: Rabbi Rafi Peretz.
The national religious party in Israel and the most prominent political entity representing settlers in the West Bank.
The party rejects the idea of a Palestinian state and emphasizes the biblical and religious ties of the Jewish people to the lands the Palestinians seek to establish their state.
US President Donald Trump is expected to unveil his plan for peace in the Middle East within months. If the plan includes territorial concessions to the Palestinians, the party is likely to show strong objections.
Israel is our home
He won five seats in the Knesset, the same number of seats before the elections. Its leader: Avigdor Lieberman.
Is a secular nationalist and extreme right-wing party whose main base is immigrants from the former Soviet Union.
Born in Moldova, Lieberman is a former defense minister who is trying to bypass Netanyahu. His policies include swapping Arab cities inside Israel with land in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Israeli Arabs represent 21 percent of its population.
United Torah Judaism
Won eight seats in the Knesset, two more than before the election. Its leader: Jacob Letzman.
The party represents ultra-orthodox Jews of European descent.
The party is primarily interested in securing privileges from the state, the ultra-Orthodox men who devote themselves all the time to religious studies and do not join the military service and do not work.
The demands for more state concessions would make it harder for Netanyahu to control the worsening budget deficit.
He has eight seats against seven before the election. His leader: Aryeh Deri.
His full name is the Sephardic Guardians of the Torah. He is allied with the United Torah Judaism Party and just like him was one of the almost permanent parties involved in successive governments and represents secular Jews of Middle Eastern origins.
– Kolano Party (all of us)
He had four seats in parliament before the election. His leader: Moshe Kahlon.
He poses as a moderate right-wing party and has focused his campaign on social and economic issues. As Finance Minister in the Netanyahu government, Kahlon met with Palestinian officials to discuss economic matters, although the Israeli and Palestinian political leaders have not met since 2014.
Kahlon wants to keep the finance ministry in the new government, but his position has become weak after his party’s electoral losses.
The Israeli economy was not an issue in the campaign, but the central bank warned that the new government would have to cut spending and raise taxes to curb the growing budget deficit.
What are the opposition parties?
He won 35 seats in the Knesset in his first ever election. It is led by Benny Gantz and Yair Lapid.
Is a centrist party whose leader, Janet, emerged as a serious rival to Netanyahu, but did not overcome him and lost credibility when he rushed to declare victory in the elections before the outcome was resolved.
Gantz cooperated with former right-wing defense minister Moshe Ya’alon and former finance minister Yair Lapid, who is center-left in forming this new party.
The party pledged to work for a clean government while maintaining peace and security.
Lapid, who admits defeat, said the party would turn the life of Likud into a living hell in opposition.
He holds six seats in parliament after having 18 seats. His leader: Avi Gabai.
A left-wing party that ruled Israel in the early decades of the state’s founding. I was hit hard in the April 9 election.
While Netanyahu reflects the right-wing shift among Israeli voters, the Labor Party emphasizes social and economic reform while seeking peace and implementing a two-state solution with the Palestinians.
– Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) – National Democratic Rally Party. Headed by Ayman Odeh and Ahmad al-Tibi
The front has occupied six seats, the largest among two Arab-dominated blocs in parliament.
All the Arab parties united in 2015 but split into two blocs this year and the total number of seats won from 13 to 10 seats.
It has one Jewish member of the Knesset and calls for an Arab-Jewish alliance to fight racism and social inequality. But Arab parties have never participated in coalition governments in Israel, and this year they have faced a boycott of Arabs resentful of the Jewish state’s National Law of 2018.
According to most estimates, these elections have seen an unusually weak turnout of Arabs in Israel, some of whom prefer “Palestinians” to “Israeli Arabs.”
– The United Arab List – National Democratic Rally led by Mansour Abbas and Imtanas Shehadeh
The party held four seats in parliament down from five.
Its leaders represent a mix of Arab nationalists and Islamists. He describes himself as a democratic movement opposed to the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories.
– The Meretz Party led by Tamar Zandberg
Four seats were filled after being operated five.
The party has not participated in any coalition government in the last two decades. He is popular among middle-class liberal Israelis. The party calls for a two-state solution with the Palestinians.
Who are the biggest losers?
– New Right Party led by Naftali Bennett and Elite Shaked
Failed to fill any seat after he was running three seats.
The leaders of the party were regarded as emerging young stars on the political scene in Israel. He is a minister of justice in the current government.
The two split on the national religious trend in Israel to form a new right-wing party to attract voters in the more secular circles.
Shakid often criticizes the Israeli Supreme Court for what it sees as excessive liberalism on its part.
The party did not win enough votes to enter the Knesset.
Zehut Party. His leader: Moshe Feiglin
No seat was occupied. He had risen in opinion polls before the election, but he fell to the polls.
An ultra-nationalist religious party demanding marijuana abuse. His policies included proposals to annex the West Bank and voluntarily “transfer” the Palestinians to other neighboring Arab states and to build the Third Jewish Temple.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for VOP from different countries around the world – edited and published by VOP staff in our newsroom.
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