According to a joint report released by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the United Nations Somali Assistance Mission on the 10th, from January 2016 to October 14, 2017 A total of 2,078 civilians were killed and 2507 were injured in various armed conflicts in Somalia.
The report, “Protecting civilians: laying the groundwork for peace, security and human rights in Somalia,” states that 60% of the deaths and injuries were caused by “Al-Shabaab”, an extremist Somali group formed by tribal militias, government soldiers and the police , The deaths and injuries caused by the AU mission in Somalia were 13%, 11% and 4% respectively, and another 12% were caused by unidentified armed elements.
According to the report, as of the 1st of this month, a car bombing attack in the cordova capital of Mogadishu on October 14 has resulted in 512 deaths and 316 wounded, the worst casualty in the history of the country.
The report also said that recruitment of child soldiers is on the rise. Between January and October this year, 3,335 children in Somalia were conscripted into the army and 71.5% of them were recruited by Al-Shabaab.
The report notes that the year-long armed conflicts in Somalia have not only damaged infrastructure but also affected people’s livelihoods, displaced large numbers of people and hampered humanitarian assistance.
The report calls on all parties in Somalia to take all feasible measures to protect civilians and civilian facilities, stop the use of improvised explosive devices, mortars, rockets and grenades in residential areas and calls for the dissolution of all illegal armed and militia groups.