Part 1: Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (1-500)

BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (P1)
BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (P1) - Photo
BOOM! Over 2,000 Studies Show Monsanto GM Food is Disastrous to Health (P1) – GMO Monsanto Photo
This compilation is a sample of the scientific references including over 2,000 studies, surveys, and analyses that suggest various adverse impacts and potential adverse impacts of genetically engineered (GE/GMO) Monsanto crops, foods and related pesticides.

Monsanto – This list contains references regarding health impacts, environmental impacts, including impact of non-target organisms (NTOs), resistance of target organisms, pesticide drift, genetic contamination, horizontal gene transfer, unintended effects, as well as references regarding yields, social impact, ethics, economics and regulations.

In most cases, links are provided to the abstracts for the references or links to sites where the study can be purchased.


  1. Aaziz R, Tepfer M. (1999) Recombination in RNA viruses and in virus-resistant transgenic plants. J Gen Virol. Jun;80 ( Pt 6):1339-46.


  1. Sunny O. Abarikwu, Oghenetega F. Akiri, Mojisola A. Durojaiye, and Adenike F. Alabi (2015) Combined effects of repeated administration of Bretmont Wipeout (Glyphosate) and Ultrazin (Atrazine) on testosterone, oxidative stress and sperm quality of Wistar rats.   Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, 2015 Jan;25(1):70-80.


  1. Abdo E. M., et al. Chemical Analysis of BT corn “Mon- 810: Ajeeb-YG®” and its counterpart non-Bt corn “Ajeeb”. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) e-ISSN: 2278–5736. Volume 4, Issue 1 (Mar.–Apr. 2013), PP 55–60


  1. E. Abdo, O. Barbary and O. Shaltout, “Feeding Study with Bt Corn (MON810: Ajeeb YG) on Rats: Biochemical Analysis and Liver Histopathology,” Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2014, pp. 185-195.


  1. S. L. Abidi, G. R. List, K. A. Rennick (1999) Effect of genetic modification on the distribution of minor constituents in canola oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 463-467


  1. Accinelli, C.; Screpanti, C.; Vicari, A. & Catizone, P. (2004) Influence of insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp.kurstaki on the degradation of glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in soil samples. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment,103, 497-507.


  1. Francisca Acevedo, Elleli Huerta, Caroline Burgeff, Patricia Koleff & José Sarukhán (2011) Is transgenic maize what Mexico really needs ? Nature Biotechnology. January, volume 29 number 1, 23  24


  1. Achiorno, C. L., C. de Villalobos, and L. Ferrari. (2008) Toxicity of the Herbicide Glyphosate to Chordodes Nobilii (Gordiida, Nematomorpha). Chemosphere 71, no. 10 (May): 1816-22.


  1. Ackermann W, Coenen M, Schrödl W, Shehata AA, Krüger M. (2014)     The Influence of Glyphosate on the Microbiota and Production of Botulinum Neurotoxin During Ruminal Fermentation. Curr Microbiol. 2014 Nov 19.


  1. Acquavella JF, Alexander BH, Mandel JS, Gustin C, Baker B, Chapman P, Bleeke M. (2004) Glyphosate biomonitoring for farmers and their families: results from the Farm Family Exposure Study. Environ Health Perspect. Mar;112(3):321-6.


  1. Adam A, Marzuki A, Abdul Rahman H, Abdul Aziz M. (1997)The oral and intratracheal toxicities of ROUNDUP and its components to rats. Vet Hum Toxicol. Jun;39(3):147-51.


  1. Adugna A, Bekele E: (2013) Geographical distribution and phenotypic diversity in wild sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)] in Ethiopia: implications for germplasm conservation and crop-wild flow.   Plant Genet Resour , 11:68–76


  1. Asfaw Adugna (2013) Ecotypic variation for seed dormancy, longevity and germination requirements in wild/weedy Sorghum bicolor in Ethiopia: implications for seed mediated transgene dispersal and persistence. SpringerPlus May, 2:248,


  1. Adugna, A., & Bekele, E. (2013) Morphology and fitness components of wild 3 crop F1 hybrids of Sorghum bi- color (L.) in Ethiopia: implications for survival and introgression of crop genes in the wild pool. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization: 1-10


  1. Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, Miguel Pedro Guerra, Odd-Gunnar Wikmark and Rubens Onofre Nodari (2013) Comparative proteomic analysis of genetically modified maize grown under different agroecosystems conditions in Brazil. Proteome Science , 11:46


  1. Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, Vinicius Vilperte, Rafael Fonseca Benevenuto, Carina Macagnan Rover, Terje Ingemar Traavik and Rubens Onofre Nodari (2014) Effect of stacking insecticidal cry and herbicide toleranceepsps transgenes on transgenic maize proteome.   BMC Plant Biology 2014, 14:346


  1. Agodi A, Barchitta M, Grillo A and Sciacca S (2006) Detection of genetically modified DNA sequences in milk from the Italian market. Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:81- 88.


  1. Denis Worlanyo Aheto, Hauke Reuter, Broder Breckling (2011) A modeling assessment of geneflow in smallholder agriculture in West Africa. Environmental Sciences Europe, February 2011, 23:9,


  1. Aheto, D.W., Bøhn, T., Breckling, B., van den Berg, J., Ching, L.L. and Wikmark, O.-G. (2013) Implications of GM crops in subsistence-based agricultural systems in Africa. In: Breckling, B. and Verhoeven, R. GM-Crop Cultivation – Ecological Effects on a Landscape Scale, Theorie in der Ökologie 17. Frankfurt, Peter Lang.


  1. Iftikhar Ahmad, David Malloch (1995) Interaction of soil microflora with the bioherbicide phosphinothricin. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment Netherlands. Vol. 54, no. 3 Jul p. 165-174;jsessionid=gzL79cP


  1. C. Ahrens, J. Chung, T. Meyer, and C. Auer (2011) Bentgrass Distribution Surveys and Habitat Suitability Maps Support Ecological Risk Assessment in Cultural Landscapes. Weed Science 59(2):145-154.


  1. Collin W. Ahrens and Carol A. Auer (2012) Genetic Relationship between Cultivated and Feral Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) in a Cultural Landscape. Weed Science: October-December 2012, Vol. 60, No. 4, pp. 583-588.


  1. Ahrens CW, Auer CA (2012) Annual Glyphosate Treatments Alter Growth of Unaffected Bentgrass (Agrostis) Weeds and Plant Community Composition. PLoS ONE 7(12): e50643.


  1. Ahteensuu, Marko; Siipi, Helena (2009) A Critical Assessment of Public Consultations on GMOs in the European Union.   Environmental Values, Volume 18, Number 2, May, pp. 129-152(24)


  1. N B Akesson, and W E Yates (1964)Problems Relating to Application of Agricultural Chemicals and Resulting Drift Residues. Annual Review of Entomology Vol. 9: 285-318


  1. Alarcón-Reverte, R., García, A., Watson, S. B., Abdallah, I., Sabaté, S., Hernández, M. J., Dayan, F. E. and Fischer, A. J. (2014), Concerted action of target-site mutations and high EPSPS activity in glyphosate-resistant junglerice (Echinochloa colona) from California. Pest. Manag. Sci.. doi: 10.1002/ps.3878


  1. Albinati ACL, Moreira ELT, Albinati RCB, J.V. Carvalho, A.D. de Lira, G.B. Santos, L.V.O. Vidal (2009) Biomarcadores histológicos – toxicidade crônica pelo Roundup em piauçu (Leporinus macrocephalus). Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec. 61(3):621–627.


  1. ALBRECHT, L.P.; ALBRECHT, A.J.P.; BRACCINI, A.L.; OLIVEIRA JR., R.S.; ZOBIOLE, L.H.S.; ÁVILA, M.R. (2014) The role of glyphosate in RR soybean production and seed quality. Planta daninha vol.32 no.2 Viçosa Apr./June


  1. Al-Hmoud N, Al-Rousan H, Hayek HBO and Ibrahim MA. (2010) Detection of genetically modified maize and soybean food products in the Jordanian Market. Biotechnology. 9 (4): 499-505,


  1. Ali Abdullah Ali (2006) Detection of a Number of Milk Quality Parameters Using Species Specific PCR Technology. A Thesis Submitted to The Council of Faculty of Agricultural Sciences University of Sulaimani.


  1. Ali, S. E. B., Madi, Z. E., Hochegger, R., Quist, D., Prewein, B., Haslberger, A. G., & Brandes, C. (2014). Mutation Scanning in a Single and a Stacked Genetically Modified (GM) Event by Real-Time PCR and High Resolution Melting (HRM) Analysis. International journal of molecular sciences, 15(11), 19898-19923.


  1. Kassim Al-Khatib, Robert Parker and E. Patrick Fuerst (1992) Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) Response to Simulated Herbicide Spray Drift. Weed Technology Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct. – Dec., 1992), pp. 956-960


  1. Kassim Al-Khatib, Robert Parker and E. Patrick Fuerst (1993) Wine Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Response to Simulated Herbicide Drift. Weed Technology Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. – Mar.), pp. 97-102


  1. Al-Khatib, K., M. M. Claassen, P. W. Stahlman, P. W. Geier, D. L. Regehr, S. R. Duncan, and W. F. Heer. (2003) Grain Sorghum Response to Simulated Drift from Glufosinate, Glyphosate, Imazethapyr, and Sethoxydim.” Weed Technology 17, no. 2(Apr-Jun): 261-65.


  1. Allison, RF, Scneider WL, Greene AE (1996) Recombination in plants expressing viral transgenes. Seminars in Virology 7(6) pp 417-422


  1. Alpert CA, Mater DD, Muller MC, Ouriet MF, Duval-Iflah Y, Corthier G. (2003) Worst-case scenarios for horizontal gene transfer from Lactococcus lactis carrying heterologous genes to Enterococcus faecalis in the digestive tract of gnotobiotic mice. Environ Biosafety Res. Jul-Sep;2(3):173-80.


  1. Al-Rajab AJ, Schiavon M. (2010) Degradation of 14C-glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in three agricultural soils. J Environ Sci (China). ;22(9):1374-80.


  1. Al-Rousan, Hiyam; Al-Hmoud, Nisrren; Ibrahim, Mohammed (2010) A study on the occurrence of genetically modified soybean and maize feed products in the Jordanian market Journal of Cell & Molecular Biology;Dec, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p87


  1. Al-Salameen F, Kumar V, Al-Aqeel H, Al-Hashash H, Hejji AB. (2012) Detection of genetically modified DNA in fresh and processed foods sold in Kuwait. GM Crops Food. Oct-Dec;3(4):283-8.


  1. Miguel A. Altieri, Peter M. Rosset, Clara I. Nicholls (1997) Biological control and agricultural modernization: Towards resolution of some contradictions Agriculture and Human Values   September, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 303-310


  1. Altieri, M.A. and Rosset, P. (1999). Ten reasons why biotechnology will not ensure food security, protect the environment and reduce poverty in the developing world. AgBioForum, 2(3&4), 155-162.


  1. Altieri MA, Rosset P. (1999) Strengthening the case for why biotechnology will not help. The developing world: A response to MCGloughlin. AgBioForum. 2(3-4):226–236.


  1. Altieri, M. A. (2000). The ecological impacts of transgenic crops on agroecosystem health. Ecosystem Health, 6, 13-23.


  1. Miguel A. Altieri (2000) No: Poor Farmers Won’t Reap the Benefits. Foreign Policy, No. 119. (Summer, 2000), pp. 123-131.


  1. Altieri, M. A. (2001). Genetically engineered crops: Separating the myths from the reality. Bulletin of Science Technology and Society, 21(2), 129-146 Biblioteca/Altieri2001MythsAndReality.PDF


  1. Altieri, M. A. (2003). The sociocultural and food security impacts of genetic pollution via transgenic crops of traditional varieties in Latin American centers of peasant agriculture. Bulletin of Science, Technology, & Society, 23,1-10.


  1. Miguel A. Altieri (2005) The Myth of Coexistence: Why Transgenic Crops Are Not Compatible With Agroecologically Based Systems of Production Bulletin of Science Technology Society August vol. 25 no. 4 361-371


  1. Alvarez, M., Gimenez, I. T., Saitua, H., Enriz Ricardo, D., & Giannini Fernando, A. (2012). Toxicidad en peces de herbicidas formulados con glifosato Toxicity in fishes of herbicides formulated with glyphosate. Acta Toxicol. Argent, 20(1), 5-13.


  1. Alvarez-Morales A (2002) Transgenes in maize landraces in Oaxaca: official report on the extent and implications.   The 7th International Symposium on the Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms Beijing, China October 10-16 page 65


  1. Carlos Alvarez-Moya; Mónica Reynoso Silva; Carlos Valdez Ramírez; David Gómez Gallardo; Rafael León Sánchez; Alejandro Canales Aguirre; Alfredo Feria Velasco (2014) Comparison of the in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine salt in three different organisms Genet. Mol. Biol. vol.37 no.1 Ribeirão Preto


  1. Amanor-Boadu V, Amanor-Boadu Y (2002). A survey of post-marketing surveillance of potential human late health effects of genetically modified foods’ initiatives: lessons for Canada’s strategy. Centre for Surveillance Coordination, Health Canada


  1. Amer SM, Aly FA. (2001) Genotoxic effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and its metabolite 2,4-dichlorophenol in mouse. Mutat Res. 2001 Jul 25;494(1-2):1-12.


  1. G Amofah (2014) Recommendations from a Meeting on Health Implications of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO).   Ghana Medical Journal. Vol 48, No 2 (2014)


  1. Anderson, P. L., Hellmich, R. L. Sears, M. K., Sumerford, D. V., and   Lewis, L. C. (2004) Effects of Cry1Ab-expressing corn anthers on monarch butterfly larvae. Environ. Entomol. 33: 1109-1115.


  1. Anderson, P. L., Hellmich, R. L., Prasifka, J. R., and Lewis, L. C. (2005) Effects on fitness and behavior of monarch butterfly larvae exposed to a combination of Cry1Ab-expressing corn anthers and pollen. Environ.   Entomol. 34:944-952.


  1. Andow, D.A. and A.Hilbeck. (2004) Science-based risk assessment for non-target effects of transgenic crops. Bioscience 54(7):637-649

  1. Andow DA, Lövei GL, Arpaia S (2006) Ecological risk assessment for Bt crops. Nat Biotechnol 24:749–751


  1. Andow, D.A.& Zwahlen,C. (2006) Assessing environmental risks of transgenic plants. Ecology Letters 9:196-214


  1. Andow, D. A., Lövei, G. L., & Arpaia, S. (2009). Cry toxins and proteinase inhibitors in transgenic plants do have non-zero effects on natural enemies in the laboratory: Rebuttal to Shelton et al. 2009. Environmental entomology, 38(6), 1528-1532.


  1. Andow, D. A.; Lövei, G. L. (2012) Cry Toxins in Transgenic Plants Have Direct Effects on Natural Enemies in the Laboratory   Environmental Entomology, Volume 41, Issue 5, Pages 1045-1276, pp. 1045-1049(5)


  1. Monica Andreassen, Elena Rocca, Thomas Bøhn, Odd-Gunnar Wikmark, Johnnie van den Berg, Martinus Løvik, Terje Traavik & Unni Cecilie Nygaard (2014) Humoral and cellular immune responses in mice after airway administration of Bacillus thuringiensisCry1Ab and MON810 cry1Ab-transgenic maize.   Food and Agricultural Immunology, 11 Dec 2014


  1. Anghel G, Popovici V (2008). Romanian approach to genetically modified organisms. Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series; Vol. 17 Issue 1, p183


  1. Annett, R., Habibi, H. R. and Hontela, A. (2014), Impact of glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicides on the freshwater environment. J. Appl. Toxicol., 34: 458–479.


  1. Antoniou M. Genetic pollution. (1996) Nutritional Therapy Today. 6(4): 8–11.


  1. Antoniou M, Habib MEM, Howard C V, Jennings R C, Leifert C, Nodari R O, Robinson C J, Fagan J (2012) Teratogenic Effects of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides : Divergence of Regulatory Decisions from Scientific Evidence. J Environ Anal Toxicol S4:006


  1. Aono M, Wakiyama S, Nagatsu M, Nakajima N, Tamaoki M, Kubo A, Saji H (2006) Detection of feral transgenic oilseed rape with multiple-herbicide resistance in Japan. Environ Biosafety Res. Apr-Jun;5(2):77-87.


  1. Aono M, Wakiyama S, Nagatsu M, Kaneko Y, Nishizawa T, Nakajima N, Tamaoki M, Kubo A, Saji H. (2011) Seeds of a possible natural hybrid between herbicide-resistant Brassica napus and Brassica rapa detected on a riverbank in Japan. GM Crops. Jun-Dec;2(3):201-10.


  1. Arbuckle TE, Schrader SM, Cole D, Hall JC, Bancej CM, Turner LA, Claman P. (1999) 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid residues in semen of Ontario farmers. Reprod Toxicol. 1999 Nov-Dec;13(6):421-9.


  1. Arbuckle, T.E.; Lin, Z.& Mery, L.S. (2001). An exploratory analysis of the effect of pesticide exposure on the risk of spontaneous abortion in an Ontario farm population. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109, 851-857.


  1. ELENA ARRIAGA ARELLANO, JORGE E. LINARES SALGADO (2013) The risk assessment of transgenic plants: from regulation   to bioethics. Revista de bioética y derecho : Núm.: 27


  1. Aris A, Leblanc S. (2011) Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada. Reprod Toxicol. May;31(4):528-33


  1. Aris Aziz (2011) Response to Bayer CropScience’s position on the findings of glufosinate and its metabolite Reproductive toxicology vol. 32, no4, pp. 496-497


  1. Aris Aziz (2012) Response to “Food Standards Australia New Zealand’s” comments Reproductive toxicology vol. 33, no3, pp. 403-404


  1. Aziz Aris (2011) Response to comments from Monsanto scientists on our study showing detection of glyphosate and Cry1Ab in blood of women with and without pregnancy. Reproductive Toxicology 10/2011; 33(1):122-3.


  1. Sophia Armenakas, Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas (2013) Genetically-Modified Organisms in United States Agriculture: Mandate for Food Labeling   Food & Nutrition Sciences . Aug, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p807-811. 5p.


  1. Neide Armiliato, Dib Ammar, Luciane Nezzi, Marcos Straliotto, Yara M. R. Muller & Evelise M. Nazari (2014) Changes in Ultrastructure and Expression of Steroidogenic Factor-1 in Ovaries of Zebrafish Danio rerio Exposed to Glyphosate Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues Volume 77, Issue 7, pages 405-414


  1. J-F Arnaud, F Viard, M Delescluse, and J Cuguen (2003) Evidence for gene flow via seed dispersal from crop to wild relatives in Beta vulgaris (Chenopodiaceae): consequences for the release of genetically modified crop species with weedy lineages. Proc Biol Sci. Aug 7; 270(1524): 1565–1571.


  1. Arregui MC, Lenardon A, Sanchez D, Maitre MI, Scotta R, Enrique S(2004). Monitoring glyphosate residues in transgenic glyphosate-resistant soybean. Pest Manag Sci. 60:163-166.


  1. Arriola, P.E., Ellstrand,N.C. (1996) Crop to weed gene flow in the genus Sorghum (Poaceae): Spontaneous interspecific hybridization between johnsongrass, Sorghum halepense, and crop sorghum S. bicolor. American Journal of Botany, 83(9): 1153-1160.


  1. Arriola PE, Ellstrand NC (1997) Fitness of interspecific hybrids in the genus Sorghum: persistence of crop genes in wild populations. Ecol Appl 7: 512–518


  1. Arruda, S. C., Barbosa, H. S., Azevedo, R. A., & Arruda, M. A. (2013). Comparative studies focusing on transgenic through cp4EPSPS gene and non-transgenic soybean plants: an analysis of protein species and enzymes. Journal of proteomics, 93, 107-116.


  1. Mehmet Artemel (2012) The Turkish Council of State orders a stay on the importation of GMOs. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice (2012) 7 (6): 403-405.


  1. A. Ashouri, Dominique Michaud, Conrad Cloutier (2001) Recombinant and classically selected factors of potato plant resistance to the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata , variously affect the potato aphid parasitoid Aphidius nigripes BioControl December, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 401-418


  1. Ashworth, M. B., Walsh, M. J., Flower, K. C., & Powles, S. B. (2014). Identification of the first glyphosate‐resistant wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum L.) populations. Pest management science, 70(9), 1432-1436.


  1. Iulie Aslaksen, Anne Ingeborg Myhr (2007) “The worth of a wildflower”: Precautionary perspectives on the environmental risk of GMOs Ecological Economics Volume 60, Issue 3, 15 January, Pages 489–497


  1. Iulie Aslaksen; Solveig Glomsrød; Anne Ingeborg Myhr (2013) Post-normal science and ecological economics: strategies for precautionary approaches and sustainable development Int. J. of Sustainable Development, Vol.16, No.1/2, pp.107 – 126


  1. Astiz M, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2009) Effect of pesticides on cell survival in liver and brain rat tissues. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Oct;72(7):2025-32.


  1. Astiz M, Hurtado de Catalfo GE, García MN, Galletti SM, Errecalde AL, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2013) Pesticide-induced decrease in rat testicular steroidogenesis is differentially prevented by lipoate and tocopherol. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. May;91:129-38.


  1. Astiz M, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2012) The oxidative damage and inflammation caused by pesticides are reverted by lipoic acid in rat brain. Neurochem Int. Dec;61(7):1231-41.


  1. Mariana Astiz, María J.T. de Alaniz, Carlos Alberto Marra (2013) Antioxidant defense system in rats simultaneously intoxicated with agrochemicals. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 28, Issue 3, November, Pages 465–473


  1. Kazi Wahaj Athar (2015). Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and Agroecology in Agricultural Production in the United States-A Comparative Analysis.


  1. Atkinson RG, Schröder R, Hallett I, Cohen D, MacRae EA (2002). Overexpression of Polygalacturonase in Transgenic Apple Trees Leads to a Range of Novel Phenotypes Involving Changes in Cell Adhesion. Plant Physiol. 129: 122-133.


  1. D. E. Auch and W. E. Arnold (1978) Dicamba Use and Injury on Soybeans (Glycine max) in South Dakota Weed ScienceVol. 26, No. 5 (Sep., 1978), pp. 471-475


  1. Audiseshamma, K., Paramageetham, C., Theja, P. C., Hooda, V., & Babu, G. P. (2014). Influence of Transgenic Bt Crop Root Exudates on Rhizospheric Soil Microflora. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 3(5), 289-294.,%20et%20al.pdf


  1. Austin, A.P.; Harris, G.E. & Lucey, W.P. (1991). Impact of an organophosphate herbicide (Glyphosate®) on periphyton communities developed in experimental streams. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 47, 29-35.


  1. Avigliano, L., Alvarez, N., Mac Loughlin, C., & Rodríguez, E. M. (2014). Effects of glyphosate on egg incubation, larvae hatching and ovarian re‐maturation, in the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 33: 1879–1884.


  1. L. Avigliano, A. V. Fassiano, D. A. Medesani, M. C. Ríos de Molina, E. M. Rodríguez (2014) Effects of Glyphosate on Growth Rate, Metabolic Rate and Energy Reserves of Early Juvenile Crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus M.   Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, June 2014, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 631-635


  1. Avila-Garcia, W.V. & Mallory-Smith, C. (2011) Glyphosate-resistant Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne) populations also exhibit resistance to glufosinate.Weed Science, 59, 305-309.


  1. Ayoola, S. O. (2008) Histopathological Effects of Glyphosate on Juvenile African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus). American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 4, no. 3 362-67.


  1. Ayoola, S. O. (2008) Toxicity of Glyphosate Herbicide on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) Juvenile. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3, no. 12 : 825-34.


  1. Ayyadurai, V.A.S. and Deonikar, P. (2015) Do GMOs Accumulate Formaldehyde and Disrupt Molecular Systems Equilibria? Systems Biology May Provide Answers. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 630-662. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.67062.


  1. Azevedo L, Dragano NR, Sabino AP, Resck MC, Alves de Lima PL, Gouvêa CM. (2010) In vivo antimutagenic properties of transgenic and conventional soybeans. J Med Food. Dec;13(6):1402-8.


  1. Elaine de Azevedo, Maria Cecília Focesi Pelicioni (2011) Promoção da Saúde, Sustentabilidade e Agroecologia: uma discussão intersetorial Saude soc. vol.20 no.3 São Paulo July/Sept.


  1. Azimi, S., Rahmani, S., Tohidfar, M., Ashouri, A., Bandani, A., & Talaei-Hassanlouei, R. (2014). Interaction between Bt-transgenic cotton and the whitefly’s parasitoid, Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Journal of Plant Protection Research, 54(3), 272-278.


  1. Babendreier D, Reichhart B, Romeis J, Bigler F .(2008) Impact of insecticidal proteins expressed in transgenic plants on bumblebee microcolonies. Entomol Exp Appl 126:148-57


  1. Baerson S. R.; Rodriquez D. J.; Tran M.; Feng Y.; Biest N. A.; Dill G. M.Glyphosate-resistant goosegrass. Identification of a mutation in the target enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. Plant Physiol. 2002, 129, 1265−1275.


  1. Bagavathiannan, M.V., Begg, G.S., Gulden, R.H., Van Acker, R.C. (2012) Modelling the Dynamics of Feral Alfalfa Populations and Its Management Implications. PLoS ONE 7(6): e39440.


  1. Pallava Bagla (2010) Hardy Cotton-Munching Pests Are Latest Blow to GM Crops Science 19 March : Vol. 327 no. 5972 p. 1439


  1. Bailey, W., Poston, D.H.,Wilson, H.P., Hines, T.E. 2002. Glyphosate interactions with manganese. Weed Technology 16, 792–799.


  1. Bakke-McKellep AM, Koppang EO, Gunnes G, Sanden M, Hemre GI, Landsverk T, Krogdahl A. (2007) Histological, digestive, metabolic, hormonal and some immune factor responses in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., fed genetically modified soybeans. J Fish Dis. Feb;30(2):65-79


  1. Bakonyi G, Szira F, Kiss I, Villányi I, Seres A, Székács A (2006) Preference tests with collembolas on isogenic and Bt-maize. Eur J Soil Biol 42:S132–S135


  1. Gábor Bakonyi, Anna Dolezsai and András Székács (2010) Bt-maize (MON 810) effect on the collembolan Folsomia candida – some new aspects In B. Darvas et al. Eds (2010) Abs. GM-plants symposium of IXth ECE, page 206.


  1. Bakry, F. A., Ismail, S. M., & El-Atti, A. (2015). Glyphosate herbicide induces genotoxic effect and physiological disturbances in Bulinus truncatus snails. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.


  1. László Balla (2009) GMO –yes or no? Magyar Mezôgazdaság , 64 (11): 32 –33.!DocumentBrowse


  1. Bansal, M., & Chaudhry, A. (2010). Molecular approach to evaluate the genotoxicity of glyphosate (roundup) using mosquito genome. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 2(1), 96-101.


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